Given the following circuit:
- Source Voltage - A charged battery.
- Resistor - A simple resistor.
- Voltmeter - An instrument for measuring voltage.
- Ammeter - An instrument for measuring amperage.
Let’s calculate the circuit, in a variety of configurations.
Simple Resistance Sample Problems
1) Let’s say we have a 1.5V battery, and the potentiometer set to 10ohms, how many amps will we have?
Given: I = V/R Therefore: I = 1.5V/10Ω = 0.15A = 150mA
1a) How much total power (wattage) would there be?
Given: W = V*A Therefore: Power = 1.5V * 0.15A = 0.225W = 225mW
2) 12V battery, and 1KΩ resistance?
I = 12V / 1,000Ω = 0.012A = 12mA
1a) Total power?
Power = 12V * 0.012A = .144W = 144mW
3) Now let’s say that we have a 1.5v battery, and ammeter reads 15mA, how many ohms is the potentiometer set to?
Given: R = V/I Therefore: R = 1.5/0.015A = 100Ω
4) What if we need to push 100mA through a 10Ω resistor, how much voltage would the battery need to have?
Given: V = I * R Therefore: V = 0.100A * 10Ω = 1V
Next - Resistor Power Rating